“Black holes are not eternal prison as we once thought. If you feel you are trapped in a black hole, don’t give up. There is a way out” – Stephen Hawking.
The presence of black holes in conventional physics has been confirmed since the early 1970s when British astronomers Louise Webster and Paul Murdin at the Royal Greenwich Observatory and Thomas Bolton, a student at the University of Toronto, independently announced the discovery of an invisible massive object orbiting around a blue star over 6,000 light-years away. This object, located in the Cygnus Constellation, is now viewed as the first black holes to be identified.
Since then, black holes have been the center of many scientific debates.
A black hole is a very dense pocket of matter, with a very high mass causing space-time to bend around it. For the moment, scientists have classified black holes into four different types:
- Primordial black hole: as small as an atom but with the mass of a mountain, primordial black holes emerged soon after the Big Bang – first introduced by Stephen Hawking in 1971.
- Stellar mass black hole: most common type of black hole with a mass range from five to a hundred solar masses – formed when a massive star collapses causing a supernovae.
- Intermediate mass black hole: hypothetical – with a mass ranging from a hundred to a million solar masses.
- Supermassive black hole: largest type – each containing the mass of millions to billions of stars – usually found at the centre of large galaxies. We do not know how they came to be.
In this article, we will cover 2 fascinating hypothesis on black holes: the Schwarzchild proton by Nassim Haramein, and parallel universes by Stephen Hawking.
According to Nassim Haramein and from a Unified Physics perspective: “any object with the sufficient capacity for compression of energy, or rather, any area of spacetime with a geometry that is in a state of well proportioned compression (and radiation) forms a black hole”.
Black holes have been considered as volatile objects for quite a long time when they are in fact one of the most (if not the most) stable objects in the Universe. Another object that shares the same kind of stability is the proton.
In 2010, Haramein published his work on the ‘Schwarzschild Proton'(named after Karl Schwarzschild), explaining how his research shows that protons could potentially be tiny black holes on the Planck scale. Nassim Haramein suggests that the universe is full of microscopic black holes and white holes. And that every object in the Universe is centred around a black hole (or holes). From these conclusions Haramein predicted that black holes were going to be found at the centre of all galaxies which came to be confirmed.
Read Nassim Haramein’s scientific paper on the Schwarzchild proton here: https://hiup.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/AIP_CP_SProton_Haramein.pdf
Another theory suggests that black holes could potentially be parallel universes.
Stephen Hawking has been arguing in favour of this theory for quite a long time. In his opinion, it is very likely that if something gets sucked by a black hole, it will enter a parallel universe.
“The existence of alternative histories with black holes suggests this might be possible”, Professor Hawking said. “The hole would need to be large and if it was rotating it might have a passage to another universe. But you couldn’t come back to our universe… Our Universe could even appear to be a black hole to physicists in an alternate universe”.
According to his calculations, black holes eventually begin to leak information until eventually exploding, which consequently causes them to release the trapped particles in any form. Hawking explains that black holes cannot store material or information. He compared what may happen to the information going through a black hole to burning an encyclopedia where ‘the information is not lost, if you keep all the ashes. But it is difficult to read.’